Monday, 30 March 2015

The Printworks, Clapham Road

This clock came to my attention via an advert in the Sunday Times in September 2014. "Printworks 139 Clapham Road London SW9" it said. "New studio and 1 bed apartments designed for exclusive warehouse living within a unique conservation area, 10 minutes walk from northern and Victoria line connections", it also said.

And in the photograph there was a clock. Well, an opportunity like that cannot be resisted.

The Printworks was built in 1903 as, well, a print works for Caustons, a company who made labels and other such material for other companies.


Further information about the building can be found on at The following information is taken from that site:

139 Clapham Road is now home to The Printworks, a new development which converted this grand old factory into modern flats and office space. However before anything stood on this plot of land it was occupied by, of all things, an 1800 foot roller skating rink and athletics space called The Marble Rink which opened in 1878.
The space took on a multi-purpose entertainment venue role shortly after opening. On 20-25 June 1881 a 6 day non stop roller skating race took place, that must have took quite some stamina.
Handbill for the Marble Rink. Copyright © The British Library Board
The Marble Rink fell out of popularity as tastes changed and the site acquired by Sir Joseph Causton where in 1903 he built a huge printworks which still stands today.
Joseph Causton was a politician, becoming a Councillor for Billingsgate, East London in 1868 and Sheriff for London and Middlesex in 1868. The pinnacle of his career came when Queen Victoria opened Blackfriars Bridge and Holborn Viaduct in 1869 and he was knighted at Windsor Castle to mark the event. The company name then became Sir Joseph Causton and Sons Limited. Sir Joseph died just two years later, but his sons, Joseph, Richard, and James, continued as partners of the firm.
The Printworks in 1914
Causton’s were one of the UK’s biggest printing firms and made labels for household brands including Marmite and Guiness. Then in 1937 they moved away to Hampshire and the building was acquired by Freeman’s Catalogue Ltd. Freemans had started trading in 1905, making it one of the oldest catalogues in the UK. It began in a two room terraced house in Lavender Sweep, London by Arthur and Stanley Rampton, William Jones and Henry Freeman. It was during the mail order boom time in the 1930s that it moved to 139 Clapham Road which they renamed Lavender House. Freeman’s was by then the largest mail order business in Great Britain; larger than all its competitors put together. Some of its 30,000 agents managed to buy cars and houses with their commission money. Freeman’s added a substantial number of new buildings around Causton’s original centre structure, letting out parts of the site to other companies such as a donut factory in a little art-deco building once attached to left hand side of the frontage. 
The Doughnut Corporation of America (DCA) established a subsidiary in the UK under the name of the British Doughnut Company. It made American type ring doughnuts and distributed them by tricycle to catering outlets in the area around their premises in Clapham Road. They were known as Downyflake Doughnuts. It also imported doughnut making machines from the US which were sold to bakers and caterers together with doughnut mixes which were blended in the Clapham Road factory.
During World War 2 a tragedy struck and the building took a direct bomb hit killing 23 young women, you can read more about this incident in the Bombing and War section of my website here.
Following the business’s relocation to West Yorkshire, the Freemans building and surrounding site has been redeveloped by Galliard Homes as housing and business units. Two new streets that run either side of the original building have been created: Lett Road and Printer Road.

Monday, 23 March 2015

Oxford - Part 3 : Outer

Our final visit to Oxford takes in all the clocks that can be found outside of the city centre.

The Oxford History Centre is on Cowley Road, at its junction with the wonderfully named Between Towns Road. The building was originally St Luke's church, built by Lord Nuffield for the workers at the nearby Cowley car factory.

The hands are a bit tarnished, but overall I like this clock.

Templars Square shopping centre is on Between Towns Road. As these places go it is quite nice, probably because it is relatively small and is light and airy. It was opened in 1965, when it was known as the Cowley Centre.

The blue and silver clock stands out nicely against the white beams of the roof structure, and overall is rather pleasing.

Back on Cowley Road, although in the picture below we are sneaking up from the other side, is St Mary's and St John's church, built in 1875-83.

Still on Cowley Road (and it is a long way from the History Centre to here), we find Crown House.

Not a lot to say about this building or its clock really. It is there. Have a look if you are passing. But I wouldn't suggest going out of your way to find it.

And don't rely on all of the clock faces to give you the right time.

Out to the north of the city now, to the Oxford Centre for Mission Studies on Woodstock Road. This was originally the church of St Philip and St James, consecrated in 1862.

Woodstock Road runs north out of the city, and runs parallel to Banbury Road for a long distance. Summertown is on this parallel route, where those nipping out for a quick coffee can check the time on this clock on the local branch of Costa.

And just to the south you can check whether you have enough time to buy a new bike at Summertown Cycles.


Out to the east of the city, the Taylors estate agents is at the junction of London Road and Windmill Road.

This next building is sited on James Wolfe Road. From the name of the road (Major General James Wolfe was an 18th century British Army officer - who also gave his name to a long demolished pub near Aston University) and the style of the building, I assume that this was originally a military establishment, but it is now a depot for BT.

A bit of research shows that indeed this building was part of the Cowley Barracks (and the student accommodation facing it still has an underground nuclear bunker).

And finally, Headington School on Headington Road.

This is an independent girls school founded in 1915. The current building dates from 1930.